Sunday, May 10, 2015

FR Reading: Time travel p74-75

Exercise 2 page 74. Key

Exercise 3 page 74. Key
1 B 2 E 3 C 4 F 5 A 6 D

Exercise 4 page 75. Key
1 True (Paragraph F) 4 True (Paragraph E)
2 True (Paragraph E) 5 False (Paragraph C)
3 False (Paragraph B)

Exercise 5 page 75. Key
1 The ‘granny paradox’ is a sequence of events where
somebody goes back in time and accidentally cause the
death of his grandmother, making it impossible for him to
have been born.
2 The theory of parallel worlds is that every time we make a
decision it leads to a set of consequences but there also
exists a set of consequences for the option that we didn’t
take. These are known as parallel worlds.

Exercise 7 page 75. Key
1 to tell the truth   4 in fact
2 actually    5 as a matter of fact
3 the plain fact is

Monday, April 20, 2015

FR pages 52-53

Exercise 3 page 52. Key
1 He was stung by a stingray.
2 He became rich because visitors came in droves to watch him get up close to dangerous animals.
3 He took over the Queensland Reptile and Fauna Park.

Exercise 4 page 52. Key
1 E   2 A   3 D   4 H   5 G   6 B   7 C

Exercise 5 page 52. Key
1 People were surprised because it’s very rare to be killed by a stingray.
2 At the time he apologised, but later defended his action, claiming that he was completely in control.
3 Many Australians had mixed feelings about Irwin because he portrayed an unsophisticated image of Australia that they didn’t want to be associated with.
4 Some people objected to the programmes because he took dangerous risks in order to satisfy the public’s desire to see someone put themselves in danger.

Exercise 6 page 52. Key
1 provoke 4 acquire           7 take over
2 shake off 5 laugh off        8 administer
3 take          6 pronounce    9 cause

Thursday, April 16, 2015

Miscellaneous: news from Saudi Arabia

From: Jose Luis Gomez
Date: Fri, Apr 3, 2015 at 5:14 PM

Dear all:
How are you?-. I am fine.
I didn't sent you an e-mail before because I usually don't have any +free time. I have quite -a [1] few free hours, and my weekend is just one day, on Friday.

I am working in a site where we are erecting a production plant of raw -material +materials in order -[for manufacturing] +[to manufacture] plastics. I am in the middle of a powder keg. Around us there are a lot of petrochemical plants, which you -[usually watch] +[can usually see] on TV with torches with huge flames. When one of them is large enough, it's like -a +an earthquake, even though they are far from the office and at great height.

The weather, for the time being is nice. We shall see what happens in summer. Nowadays the sun +rises at 5:50 and goes down at 17:45 and in the middle of the day we have a temperature of 29 degrees.

I now move on to tell you some anecdotes and feelings. Since the +very first day I was -surprise +surprised (the word that applies better -with +[to what] I want to say is "aluciné") with the traffic. Everybody drives -speeding +[too fast] and at the same time overtaking the rest of the cars on both sides even -[out of the side] +[beyond the shoulder] line. Tailgating is a frequent occurrence, even at high speed. They never use indicators. The drivers in a side hand of a queue of traffic will often turn the other side across all of the other lanes at traffic lights. The first day -when +that a driver took me to the hotel, at a high velocity of course, another driver in front of us was wiggling, because he was talking -by +[on his] mobile. It's something usual.

All -what +that [2] I -say +said so far is a draft I wrote three weeks ago in order to keep writing little by little.

Regarding -to the language, at first +it was depressing trying to talk with Indian people, Jose Luis knows what I mean. [JL: I certainly do!]. Instead of "fifty" they said "piti". Instead of "yesterday", they said "yerouli", or something like that, and so on. At first I didn't understand anything at all, but now I am able to maintain a conversation. I spend half of my worktime speaking English.

Regarding -treat +treatment of woman and religion -[when I go to Spain] I'll tell you +[when I go to Spain].
Hugs for boys and kisses for girls

[1] CUIDADO: "few" y "a few" significan lo contrario
[2] "what" == "the thing which"

Thanks, JL! Best of luck in your adventure! Guys, comments and questions welcome herebelow!

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

REVIEW Modules 3-4 Pages 46-48

Link to the audio for the listening exercise

Link to the transcript

Get ready for your exam 4. Page 48

Exercise 3 page 48 12 minutes
E     Reading True / false / not stated
KEY 1 T 2 T 3 F 4 F 5 not stated 6 F 7 F 8 T

Exercise 4 page 48 5 minutes
KEY 1 b 2 a 3 c

Exercise 5 page 48 10–15 minutes
E     Use of English Sentence transformation
1 our car not broken down, we would have
2 time I spend online, the easier I find it
3 it isn’t raining, I’ll meet you
4 hadn’t been wearing the jacket I’d given him, I wouldn’t have
5 easy to ski when the snow
6 does she write songs but she also plays several

Thursday, March 12, 2015

Three for a quid: talking about money

Liz Walter posted: "by Liz Walter​ When teaching an intermediate class recently, I was surprised to find that very few of the students (who were from various parts of the world) knew how to say prices, so this blog will explain this very basic function and also look at so"
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New post on About Words - Cambridge Dictionaries Online blog

Three for a quid: talking about money

by Liz Walter
by Liz Walter​ When teaching an intermediate class recently, I was surprised to find that very few of the students (who were from various parts of the world) knew how to say prices, so this blog will explain this very basic function and also look at some other vocabulary connected with money. First, the prices. […]
Liz Walter | March 11, 2015 at 12:00 pm | Tags: English, English language, vocabulary, words | Categories: the English language | URL:
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Thanks for flying with

Profesor: dícese por algunos del prototipo de moda de chivo expiatorio y paria

Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Christian the Lion

By Alberto Cerrillo Bonilla

I would like tell -us +you a real story between an animal and two people where we can see -[the unbelievable] +[an unbelievably] friendly relationship.

This story began in London -(1969) +in 1969 when  a couple of students bought a lion cub. At the beginning the animal seemed to be affectionate with Ace and Josh, who +had bought the lion. The lion was called Cristian and it showed intelligence and loving signs -[as with people as with the rest of animals] +[both with people and other animals].

On the one hand, in order to maintain the lion in good conditions and not to put in danger the -[London people] +[people of London], Ace and Josh -decide +decided to -install +keep the lion in a furniture -cellar +basement. But like others animals, Cristian needed to go out and to move in a vast tract of land. Ace and Josh used to go to +a -near +nearby cemetery with the lion.

However Cristian couldn’t -have +keep this life for ever, because when it -was +got/became bigger, it would need a -freedom life +[in freedom] in the savannah with the other lions. And that’s how Ace and Josh decided to take the lion to +a wildlife preserve in Africa.

Sometimes Ace and Josh travelled to -know +[find out] about Cristian, but when the -personal +personnel/staff in the wildlife preserve told them that Cristian could live with the other lions in freedom, they decided to make -the +a last trip.

-[There were happened] +[it was] nine months since the last visit, and it was possible that they were not recognized by Cristian.

In my mind this video -have +has a moral message and -[that’s] +[this is] it : -The friendship is the biggest link in our -lifes. +lives

The rest of story could watch it in the video.

Tuesday, February 10, 2015


From: teresa navarro

As you can see,  this photo shows us two Padaung (-women giraffe +woman). There are several  tribes of this minoritary ethnic group and these women precisely belong to the Karen tribe, whose origin is Tibeto-Burmese. However, in the early 90s many tribe members fled -to -northern +[north of] the Thai border, due to a -conflicto +conflict with the military -régimen +regime in Burma, now called Myanmar.

At the age of five, girls start to wear rings, brass coils that are placed around the neck. Over the years, the coil is replaced by a longer one, -[by adding new rings] +[and new rings are added]. These rings are slowly pushing the clavicle down, making them appear to have longer necks.

According to anthropologycal studies there are different theories to explain the origin of this tradition. The main theory says that this trinket was placed in order to prevent a bite from tigers in the neck, but their detractors say that tigers -[can not] +cannot differentiate between men and women -and +but men have never +[had this trinket placed] -[placed this trinket]. Another theory says that this practise was used to make women look ugly so as not to be enslaved by other tribes. On the other hand +, there is +yet another one that says that this trinket is to -makes +make them look more beautiful.

The Burmese government attempted to get rid of this ancient tradition, to give a modern and developed apparence to the country. Nevertheless, the government +, seeing that these tribes attracted a great deal of -touist +tourism, has +ultimately not allowed this tradition to be lost.

Monday, January 26, 2015

Tattoos like esthetic treatments

Hi guys! Today I have my say and I want to talk about a video I saw last week.
What I like of this video -it´s +is how a person can face a bad situation -of +in -his +[his or her / their] life. In the video we can see a person, in this case Basma Hameed, who learns +how to solve a problem that she has and at the same time she helps -to other people. Basma Hameed is an example of overcoming and I can't imagine how I'd have acted in this situation.
Although tattoos are frowned +at  in some cases, I reckon it's a good idea to use them for esthetic and at the same time psychological problems, because this isn't a caprice -[, this] +[. This] is so usual and any of us -can +could be burn because of an accident.
Moreover, I think this tattoos treatment is not -much +very famous and I don't know why +,  because +it is a very good idea to help people with this type of problems and -cicatrizes +scars. It's also true that nowadays -[are increasing] the treatments for different illnesses  +[are increasing]  like cancer for example. These treatments are based on tattooing the nipple of women who were operated of breast cancer.
Then, these types of treatments are developing and all of us are entitled to be glad of our body and an accident, bulling or -an illness -will +should not be a barrier to happiness.

Lorena García (NA1B)

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

IKEA's the other letter

From: Rocío Vega Vilrriales

I watched this video before Christmas and I think -It´s +it's really nice.
A group of children -make +makes two letters, one for the three wise men and one for their parents. In the first one they request things like dolls, cars or videogames. But in the second one, they ask for time, time [2] -[for playing] +[to play] with -his +their parents and time -[for being] +[to be] with them.
This video show us that children need something more than toys. They -spent +spend a lot of time in the school or in -[after class] +[after-class] activities because parents want a very good -formation +education for them. But,sometimes, they don´t realize that -spend +spending [1] time with them is as important as -have +having a good -formation +[education/upbringing], don't you think?
[1] ¡es sujeto!
[2] "time" seguido de infinitivo con "to"

Wednesday, January 14, 2015

Verbs followed by infinitive or -ing

Hi guys,

Some extra practice on this issue, which certainly requires some drilling!

Infinitive or ing - intro and forms

Infinitive or ing - common verbs

Infinitive or ing - both possible

A more systematic list of verbs taking both patterns with sample sentences.

And a very basic review of other usages of infinive or ing aside from these verb patterns.


Monday, January 12, 2015

Infinitive and -ing in perception verbs

He saw me eating my fruit and said 'Enjoy!'
His mother saw him eat his meal and said, 'Now you can go play'

Acción en progreso: él me vió comiendo la fruta y dijo "¡qué aproveche!"
Acción completa: su madre le vió tomarse la comida y le dijo, "Ahora puedes ir a jugar"

Verbs of preception ing vs. infinitive

Extra practice on verbs with which both infinitive and ing are possible

Some usages of the progressive (continuous) aspect

Hi guys,

Detailed review of the progressive aspect, with sample sentences and a list of verbs we don't normally use in the progressive (and the meanings in which we do!)

Progressive aspect review

Some notes on how we can sometimes sound more polite by using the continuous:

Being polite - progressive usage

Past and perfect tenses

Hi guys,

You can use the first 6 pages to review and practice this. Page 6 has a nice summary. The rest of the package is for some of the more advanced usages, take those in slowly.

Adv - past and perfect tenses

You may also want to do some intermediate-level practice and here.

Language Review. Modules 1 & 2


1 1 disorientated 3 overawed
2 preoccupied 4 unnerved
2 1 narrow-minded 4 tight-fisted
2 heart-warming 5 quick-witted
3 cool-headed 6 hair-raising
3 1 e 2 d 3 a 4 b 5 c
4 1 loosely 3 widely 5 ironically
2 promptly 4 categorically
5 1 used to, as 3 will, like
2 is always, like 4 was always, like
6 1 look after them 4 to stand up to him
2 to put it on 5 had been made up
3 is being looked into 6 would think it over
7 1 had been waiting 4 vanished
2 had not turned up 5 went back
3 was contemplating 6 were

1–2 Students’ own answers
3 a job application letter
b A personal qualities
B qualifications and skills
C reason for application
D work experience
4 1 A 2 C 3 D 4 B 5 A 6 D 7 C 8 B
5 B
6 1 To find a job.
2 That he won’t get any holidays.
3 Because he thinks the fire alarm is just being tested.
4 Because he knows Edgars is the best candidate and
doesn’t want him to go to the other interview he has
arranged for the following day.
5 He will give him the address of a good lettings agency.

Audio file for exercises 5 and 6

Transcript 1.13
Boss So have you relocated to the UK?
Edgars No, I’m just here for two weeks – to try and find a job.
Then, assuming I find one, I’ll relocate.
B And, I guess you have several interviews lined up …
E Yes … well, I have this one and two others. But this job with
InterPost is the one I’d like most of the three.
B I suppose you have to say that really.
E But it’s true.
B You’ll miss Latvia though, won’t you?
E Yes, of course. But I can visit during the holidays.
B Holidays? What holidays?
E I thought … I mean, aren’t there …?
B Only kidding! You’ll start with twenty days plus national
holidays. And then, the entitlement increases by a day for every
two years that you remain with the company. How does that
E Fine.
B Good, well I think … don’t worry about that alarm, they’re
always testing it without letting us know!
B What was I going to say? Oh, yes. Well I think that covers most
of what I want to talk about. The next stage will … Can you smell
E Yes.
B I think we’d better get out of here.
E OK! Which way?
B Follow me.

B Sorry about all this. Really unfortunate. I hope it hasn’t thrown
you too much.
E Not at all.
B Good. You know, I think we’d just about finished anyway. Our
human resources department will be in touch soon. Actually, off
the record, I can say that we will definitely be offering you the
job. I’ve seen all the candidates now and you’ve got the best
experience, qualifications … basically you’re just what we’re
looking for.
E Thanks! That’s great news.
B These other interviews you’re having … have you had them
E Er … I’ve had one already. The other one is tomorrow.
B Oh, right. Well, what do you think?
E About what?
B Do you want to accept this job offer? I know we’re not doing
things quite by the book here, but it would be good for both of us
to get it all done and dusted right here and now. Don’t you agree?
E Well, I suppose so … yes.
B So, you’re accepting the job?
E Yes, I am!
B Great! Let’s shake on that!
B I bet this is the first time you’ve been offered a job in a car
park, eh, Edgars?
E Definitely!
B So, what’s your next move? Look for somewhere to live?
E Yes. While I’m here, I can start finding out about rented
B I can give you the details of a good letting agency.
E Thanks.
B Assuming my address book hasn’t been destroyed by the fire.
E It doesn’t look too bad from here. I can’t see any smoke.
7 Students’ own answers

Used to and would: past habits and states

Hi guys,

Some extra exercises on "used to" for past habits and states:

Used to

And that similar (not identical) usage of "will/ would" for habits and repeated behaviours:

Int - Will and would for typucal behaviour
Adv - Will and would for typical behaviour

As a final note, please make sure you don't get confused with these structures:

Usually | used to | be/get used to